- Using EOL
- Field Guides
- Model Projects
- Go to EOL
- About Us
What is Biodiversity?
What does the word biodiversity bring to mind?
Perhaps you picture a rainforest, a coral reef, or the entire Earth seen from space. But biodiversity can also be found in a fragment of deciduous forest that still has a dawn chorus of birdsong or in a restored wetland to which native species are being reintroduced or a scoop of soil from a neighborhood park.
Biodiversity (or biological diversity) is an expression of the variety of life on our planet as well as measure of the global ecosystem’s health and vitality. When ecologists and resource managers speak of biodiversity, they use it to mean the following things:
E. O. Wilson’s classic book, The Diversity of Life